Background & Context of 1 Corinthians

Acts 18:1-17 tells how Paul preached at Corinth on his 2nd missionary journey.
". . . he reasoned in the synagogue every Sabbath, and persuaded Jews and Greeks."
". . . many of the Corinthians, hearing, believed and were baptized."

Paul continued there a year and six months, "teaching the word of God among them", after the Lord had told him that ". . . I have many people in this city."

Apollos also was at Corinth (Acts 19:1)

1 Corinthians is a letter Paul wrote to these Christians in response to a letter which they had written to him, and also in response to reports he had received about them (1 Cor. 1:11;  5:1;  7:1;  11:18).

He also had written to them previously (1 Cor. 5:9).

When Paul was with them at the first, he could not speak to them as to mature and spiritual Christians, but as to "babes in Christ" (1 Cor. 3:1) and many of the instructions Paul gives the Corinthians in this letter involve corrections of things they were doing wrong.

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